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The Republic of Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous country. With 17,508 islands spread across the Equator, it is the largest archipelago nation, although only 6,000 are inhabited. used car for sale

Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan (shared with Borneo), New Guinea (shared with Papua New Guinea) and Sulawesi are five largest islands, respectively. Its geographical situation on the Pacific, Asian and Australian plateaus makes the country susceptible to volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.

The most recent seismic disaster was the Yogyakarta earthquake in 2006 and the 2004 tsunami in Aceh (northern Sumatra). Ironically speaking, volcanic ash is why lands in Java and Bali are fertile in agriculture, sustaining large populations.

The tropical climate of Indonesia has two different monsoon seasons: wet and dry. The country supports the second highest level of biodiversity in the world because of its size, geography and climate.

Unfortunately, Indonesia also faces many serious environmental issues due to its dense population and fast industrialisation, such as illegal deforestation, over-exploitation of marine resources, heavy smog wetlands and traffic pollutants, waste management and water and waste services.

Indonesia's history is long and colorful. Since the 7th century this has been an important business region, which is why Indonesian culture today has influences from Indian, Chinese, Malay and Arabic.

Indonesia's biggest Western influence is from Europe, which for three and a half centuries was colonized by the Hollands. Indonesia gained independence at the end of World War II. It has faced violent challenges brought about by the democratization process, corruption, separatism, natural disasters and rapid economic changes, and sometimes it continues to fight against them.

The Indonesian society today consists of about 300 indigenous ethnic groups. The biggest group are the Javanese, who dominate the other culturally and politically. National pride mainly lies in its regional identity and, while ethnic, religious and social clashes have generated terrible violence in the past, groups that are generally harmonious.

Although 5% of the population is Chinese Indonesians, they control a large majority of the wealth of the country. This has regrettably contributed to a great deal of resentment against this important ethnic minority and led to anti-Chinese violence.

The diverse ethnicity of Indonesia has produced rich forms of art. Indonesia has a cultural reputation around the world, from the tediously carved Balinese furniture to the elaborate intricacies of batik textiles. The Indian, Malay, Chinese, Islamic and European sources influenced many cultural heritages. First, the wayang kulit and traditional Balinese and Javanese dances contain Hindu mythology and reflect its culture.

Indonesian cuisine is worth mentioning, depending on region and ethnicity. But the palate of choice is more spicy than anything else, as well as coconut milk, fish and chicken. Nasi goreng, a fried rice usually served with grilled chicken, peanut sauce, fried oeuf and deep-fried crackers called krupuk, is the most famed Indonesian dish in the world.

The biggest city in Indonesia is Jakarta, the economic, cultural, and political center of Indonesia. It's a crowded city, the twelfth largest in the world. Like many busy Asian cities, Jakarta has an impressive landscape. In the heart of the city are imposing skyscrapers, chic shopping areas and fantastic condo houses.

The energy of Jakarta slows when you leave the city center and go into the suburban residences but it's not less crowded. Jakarta is not without its unique attractions – like the large roads with disappointingly modern facades hiding behind it squatter areas.

Apart from cars, motorcycles, busses and taxis, Jakarta has an automated rickshaw, known as a bajaj, a popular and intra-urban mode of transportation. It is also worth noting that road labeling does not exist in Jakarta; transport legislation is merely suggestions and drivers are aggressively undisciplined. Sitting in non-moving traffic is the norm, as are beggar-filled muddied streets lying perpendicular to glitzy luxury brands and the heavy, humid air filled with the smells of open sewage systems and pollution.

Jakarta is usually not a popular tourist destination, more of a jumping place to reach the other attractions of Indonesia. But those who spend a few days in the capital may be surprised. Those who can see beyond the shock can enjoy everything else Jakarta has to offer, such as pulsating nightlights, delicious food, rich culture and great shopping in contemporary shopping centers.

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